Palapa: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Sejarah http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa <p>Palapa: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Sejarah merupakan kumpulan artikel yang berisi hasil penelitian tugas akhir atau skripsi mahasiswa S1 dari Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah , Jurusan Pendidikan Ilmu Pendidikan Sosial (IPS), STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung</p> LPPM STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung en-US Palapa: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Sejarah 2722-5038 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN VISUALIZATION, AUDITORY, KINESTETIC (VAK) TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH SISWA KELAS X MA AL - KHAIRIYAH LAMPUNG SELATAN http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/121 <p><em>The problems in this study are the low learning outcomes of students, giving a lot of assignments without being accompanied by a maximum explanation of the material, learning is still teacher-centered, learning resources only rely on textbooks and most students are less active in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the visualization, auditory, kinesthetic (VAK) learning model on the history learning outcomes of class X MA Al - Khairiyah South Lampung academic year 2021/2022. The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X MA Al - Khairiyah South Lampung, totaling 45 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X IPS 1 and X IPS 2, where class X IPS 1 as the experimental class totaled 23 students and class X IPS 2 as the control class with a total of 22 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study using the thit formula. Testing the hypothesis using the statistical formula thit where the value of t<sub>hit</sub> = 2.54 and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2 ) = 2.02 so it is proven that t<sub>hit</sub>&gt; t<sub>daf</sub>. Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of the visualization, auditory, kinesthetic (VAK) learning model on the history learning outcomes of class X MA Al - Khairiyah South Lampung academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Ari Abdul Aziz Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Aurora Nadia Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 10 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN OPEN ENDED (OE) TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS X SMA NEGERI 3 MENGGALA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/126 <p><em>Learning history, not all students can understand and understand the material given by the teacher. This misunderstanding is due to the fact that lessons are not delivered to students because of the student's own factors, learning support materials and even teacher factors. The lack of attractiveness of the teacher's factor in delivering the material may be one of the causes of boredom or boredom in students.</em></p> <p><em>Learning that uses the Open ended (OE) model is a model that can be used by teachers as intermediaries to deliver lessons that have been planned by the teacher to students so that the learning objectives can be achieved.</em></p> <p><em>The population in this study were all students of class X science and social studies in the odd semester of SMA Negeri 3 Menggala for the academic year 2021/2022 which consisted of 4 classes with a total of 206 students, while the samples taken were class XIPS 1 as the experimental class and class X IPS 2 as the experimental class. control class. To determine student learning outcomes, the author conducted a multiple choice test. Based on hypothesis testing using the formula .</em></p> <p><em>The problem that is the subject of this research is the low student learning outcomes, learning has never been applied to the Superitem model in the classroom. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using the Superitem model on the learning outcomes of class X history at SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung in the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the data analysis above, it turns out that thit19.31 from the distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf 2.01 and so it is proven that thittdaf in accordance with the test criteria for the 5% level is located outside the area or Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that ''There is an effect of using the Open Ended Learning Model on student history learning outcomes in the Human Concept of Space and Time material in the history subject of class X SMA Negeri 3 Menggala in the academic year 2021/2022. By 19.31%".</em></p> <p><em>Based on hypothesis testing that has been carried out using the thit formula and consulted at tdaf with a significance level of 5%, it shows that thit≥ tdaf means that there is an effect of using the Open Ended Learning Model on student learning outcomes on the material Concept of Human Space and Time in the history subject of class students. X SMA Negeri 3 Menggala for the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Haryati Haryati Wawat Suryati Deri Ceciria Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 15 PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN MASTERY LEARNING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH INDONESIA PADA MATERI PERKEMBANGAN PENJAJAHAN BANGSA EROPA DI INDONESIA KELAS X TAMAN SISWA BANDAR LAMPUNG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/127 <p><em>The study is to learn the results of studying Indonesian history with students after following the learning model thoroughly learning is reviewed from learning results. Research methods used experimental quansi research with subject research are x students at one school high school in lampung city. The instruments used are student learning tests on Indonesian history materials.</em></p> <p><em>Studies show students study. When considered from learning, the results of completed learning regarding the shortness of learning in education are aimed at the effort one would expect to optimize the results of student learning.</em></p> Annisya Maulia Fitri Wayan Satria Jaya Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 16 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA AUDIO VISUAL TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATEI PRA-AKSARA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH SISWA KELAS X IPS MAN 1 PESAWARAN TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/128 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of this research is the low student learning outcomes, learning has never been applied to Audio Visual media in the classroom. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using audio-visual media on student learning outcomes in the pre-literacy material in the history subject of class X IPS MAN 1 Pesawaran academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>The method used in this study is an experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X IPS MAN 1 Pesawaran totaling 75 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X IPS 1 and X IPS 2, where class X IPS 2 was the class. The experimental group consisted of 25 students and class X IPS 1 as the control class, which consisted of 30 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study using the </em><strong><em>.</em></strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>Hypothesis testing using the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = 2.59 and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so it is proven that thit &gt; tdaf means that the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of using audio-visual media on student learning outcomes in the pre-literacy material in the history subject of class X IPS MAN 1 Pesawaran academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Arvina Santori Wayan Satria Jaya Aurora Nandia Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS WEB ZENIUS DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH SISWA KELAS X SMK PERSADA BANDAR LAMPUNG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/129 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of this research is the low student learning outcomes, the learning media has never been applied to Zenius Web. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using Zenius Web-based media on history learning outcomes for class X SMK Persada Bandar Lampung in the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X SMK Persada Bandar Lampung which amounted to 55 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X TKJ and X AKL, where class X AKL as the experimental class which amounted to 25 students and class X TKJ as the control class. totaling 30 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study using the formula .</em></p> <p><em>Testing the hypothesis using the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = </em><em>16,48 </em><em>&nbsp;and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so that it is proven that thit&gt;tdaf means the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of using the web zenius&nbsp; media&nbsp; on the learning outcomes of history class X SMK Persada Bandar Lampung for the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Atika Atika Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Aurora Nandia Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 18 UPAYA MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH MELALUI PENERAPAN MODEL STUDENT FACILITATOR AND EXPLAINING (SFAE) PADA MATERI MENGANALISIS PROSES MASUK DAN PERKEMBANGAN PENJAJAHAN BANGSA EROPA SISWA KELAS XI SMA NEGERI 10 BANDAR LAMPUNG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/130 <p><em>The problems that are the subject of discussion in this study are the low learning outcomes obtained by students, the lack of student involvement during learning and only a small number of students who are active in learning. The author uses the Student Facilitator and Explaining learning model in this study which is expected to improve the history learning outcomes of students in class XI science at SMA Negeri 10 Bandar Lampung. This type of research is Classroom Action Research (CAR) which is carried out collaboratively. </em><em>The subjects in this study were students of class XI IPA 5 SMA Negeri 10 Bandar Lampung, totaling 36 students. Action research was carried out in two cycles, each cycle consisting of two meetings. To obtain data in this study the authors used student activity observation sheets, tests and documentation. From the results of the study, in the first cycle of student learning completeness achieved as much as 47.2%, and the second cycle as much as 80.6%, where the increase in the percentage of student learning outcomes from cycle I to cycle II reached 33.4%. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that student learning outcomes in history subjects can be increased through the Student Facilitator and Explaining learning model for students in class XI IPA 5 SMA Negeri 10 Bandar Lampung in the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Ayu Puspita Muhammad Rb Deri Ciciria Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN HYBRID LEARNING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS X SMK PGRI 2 BANDAR LAMPUNG PADA MATERI MASUKNYA AGAMA HINDU BUDHA SEMESTER GANJIL TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/131 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of this research is the low student learning outcomes, learning has never been applied to the Hybrid Learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using the Hybrid Learning on social studies learning outcomes for class X SMK PGRI 2 Bandar Lampung in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all social studies students of class X SMK PGRI 2 Bandar Lampung &nbsp;totaling 109 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X TKJ and X MM, where class X TKJ was the experimental class, which consisted of 33 students and class X MM as the experimental class. control class with a total of 27 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study using the formula .</em></p> <p><em>Testing the hypothesis using the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = 5.63 and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so it is proven that thit&gt;tdaf means the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of using the Hybrid Learning &nbsp;model on social studies learning outcomes for class X SMK PGRI 2 Bandar lampung in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> Diana Mulya Sari Siti Suratini Zain Deri Ceciria Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 15 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN STRATEGI EVERYONE IS A TEACHER HERE (ETH) TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH SISWA KELAS XI IPS SMA AL AZHAR 3 BANDAR LAMPUNG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/133 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of using the Everyone Is A Teacher Here (ETH) strategy on the learning outcomes of Indonesian History in class XI IPS students of SMA Al Azhar 3 Bandar Lampung after following the active learning model Everyone Is A Teacher Here (ETH) in terms of learning outcomes. . The study used experimental research methods with the research subjects being XI IPS students at SMA Al Azhar 3 Bandar Lampung. The instrument used is a test of student learning outcomes on the material of Indonesian history.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>In this study, the researcher took a sample of 2 classes which were made into 2 groups, namely: The Experimental Class was a group that used the Everyone Is A Teacher Here (ETH) Strategy. Control class is a group that uses conventional learning. To determine the size of the sample in this study, the author draws the class that is the sample. From the results of the draw, the experimental class is class XI IPS 2 and the control class is class XI IPS 3.</em></p> <p><em>Based on data analysis obtained: t_hit = 99.26 by looking at the test criteria with a significant level of 5% (α = 0.05) obtained t_daf = 2.01 So that t_hit&gt; t_daf so that the hypothesis H_0 is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. it can be concluded that "There is an influence of the Everyone Is A Teacher Here (ETH) strategy learning strategy on the history learning outcomes of class XI IPS students at SMA Al Azhar 3 Bandar Lampung for the academic year 2021-2022".</em></p> Febri Kusriyadi Wayan Satria Jaya Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 7 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN SUPERITEM TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH KELAS X SMK TRISAKTI JAYA BANDAR LAMPUNG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/134 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of discussion in this study is the low student learning outcomes, learning has never been applied to the Superitem model in the classroom. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using the Superitem model on history learning outcomes for class X SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung in the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung, amounting to 84 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X MP and X BDP, where class X MP as the experimental class totaling 26 students and class X BDP as the control class. which amounted to 26 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study used the formula .</em></p> <p><em>Hypothesis testing using the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = 5.63 and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so it is proven that thit&gt;tdaf means the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of using the Superitem learning model on the learning outcomes of class X history at SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung for the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Haryati Haryati Wawat Suryati Deri Ceciria Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 11 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN AUDITORY INTELLECTUALY REPETITION (AIR) TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH PADA PESERTA DIDIK http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/135 <p><em>The problems in this study are 1) student learning outcomes have not yet reached the Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM), 2) students' low curiosity, 3) the Auditory Intellectual Repetition (AIR) learning model has not been applied to history subjects, 4) students rarely ask questions. in the learning process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Auditory Intellectual Repetition learning model on the history learning outcomes of class X students at SMK Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> <p><em>This research is using experimental method. The population used in this study was class X which amounted to 521 students, while the sample used was taken by cluster random sampling and obtained 2 classes consisting of class X AKL 2 as the experimental class, and class X AKL 1 as the control class.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the results of the study obtained the score of each student and the average value obtained by students, the experimental class the highest score is 90 and the lowest score is 50, from these data it can be seen that all respondents have an average score of 72.23, while the control class the highest value is 83 and the lowest value is 36, so the average value for the control class is 68.47. From the results of the similarity test of the two averages, the value of thit = 11.34 with the test criteria used is Accept H0 if –t (1- ) &lt; t &lt; t (1-½ ) in addition H0 is rejected. By taking the 5% level of significance (α = 0.05) then tdaf = 1.99 means thit &gt; tdaf so H0 is rejected and means Ha is accepted.</em></p> <p><em>Thus, there is an effect of the Auditory Intellectual Repetition (AIR) learning model on History Learning Outcomes in Class X Students of SMK Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung in the 2021/2022 Academic Year.</em></p> Indra Jaya Kuswanto Wawat Suryati Aurora Nandia F Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN VISUALIZATION, AUDITORY, KINESTETIK (VAK) TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR SEJARAH PESERTA DIDIK KELAS X SEMESTER GANJIL SMA NEGERI 8 BANDAR ALMPUNG http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/136 <p><em>The problems examined in this study are 1) the low learning outcomes of students, 2) the lack of role and activeness of students in teaching and learning activities, 3) and the implementation of the VAK learning model based in the classroom. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic (VAK) learning strategies on history learning achievement of students in the odd semester of class X SMA Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung in the 2021/2022 academic year. The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X social studies odd semester of SMA Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung for the academic year 2021/2022 as many as 72 students divided into 2 classes, the sample was taken using the Population technique, the instrument in this study used validity and reliability tests. Based on the results of the calculation of hypothesis testing that has been carried out by the author, it is obtained that t_hit = 6.42 from the distribution table with a level of 5% obtained t_daf = 2.00, so it is evident that t_hit≥t_daf thus can be concluded that "there is an effect of Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic learning models (VAK on history learning achievement of students in class X odd semester of SMA Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung in the 2021/2022 academic year."</em></p> Ivan Chairul Fajar Muhammad Rb Aurora Nadia Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 13 PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBING PROMPTING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH PADA MATERI REVOLUSI MENEGAKKAN PANJI-PANJI NKRI SISWA KELAS XI IPS http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/137 <p><em>This research is motivated by the lack of maximum student learning outcomes, the low understanding of students in absorbing material and the teacher-centered learning process. The author uses the probing prompting learning model in this study, which is expected to improve the history of students in class XI IPS 5 at SMA Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung in the 2020/2021 school year. This type of research uses classroom action research (CAR) or classroom action research carried out in 2 cycles which includes: 1) planning, 2) implementation, 3) observation, and 4) reflection which is carried out using the probing prompting learning model in the history learning process. The subjects in this study were students of class XI IPS 5 SMA Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung, totaling 31 students. Data collection techniques used in this study were tests, interviews and documentation. Based on the results of the research conducted, it shows that the percentage of student learning outcomes has increased during the implementation of learning using the probing prompting learning model. In the pre-cycle the percentage of learning completeness was 48.39%, the first cycle was 67.74% and the second cycle was 87.10%. Based on the explanation above, it can be concluded that the application of the probing prompting learning model can improve the history learning outcomes of students in class XI IPS 5 SMA Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung.</em></p> Juliana Juliana Wayan Satria Jaya Yustiani Yustiani Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENGARUH METODE GIVING QUESTION AND GETTING ANSWERS TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH PADA MATERI AWAL KEHIDUPAN MANUSIA DI INDONESIA SISWA KELAS X IPS SMA PERSADA BANDAR LAMPUNG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/138 <p><em>The problems that are the subject of discussion in this study are the low learning outcomes of students, learning has not been varied and the method of giving questions and getting answers has never been implemented in class. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the giving question and getting answers method on the learning outcomes of history in the odd semester X grade students of SMA Persada Bandar Lampung in the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this study is an experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X SMA Persada Bandar Lampung, totaling 46 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X IPS 1 and X IPS 2, where class X IPS 1 was the class. The experimental group consisted of 19 students and class X IPS 2 as the control class, which consisted of 27 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique.</em></p> <p><em>Testing the hypothesis using the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = 2.59 and the distribution table of t at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so it is proven that thit&gt;tdaf means the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. Thus It can be concluded that there is an effect of the giving question and getting answers method on the learning outcomes of history in the odd semester X grade students of SMA Persada Bandar Lampung in the academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Komang Sudiarta Wawat Suryati Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 7 KONTRIBUSI ISTRI-ISTRI SOEKARNO DALAM MASA PERJUANGAN KEMERDEKAAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA (1920-1945) http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/139 <p><em>This writing attempts to describe and analyze; (1) Profile of Soekarno's Wives during the struggle for independence of the Republic of Indonesia (2) Contribution of Sukarno's wives during the struggle for independence of the Republic of Indonesia. This research is useful to increase historical knowledge and understanding of the profile and contribution of Soekarno's wives during the struggle for independence of the Republic of Indonesia, as well as to increase love for Indonesian history</em></p> <p><em>This research is a type of qualitative research with historical research methods. This study has 4 steps, namely: (1) Heuristics, (2) Criticism, (3) Interpretation, (4) Historiography.</em></p> <p><em>The data collection technique is the library method used to dig up information and to obtain data sources obtained from libraries and primary sources, namely Fatmawati's books. And using a qualitative descriptive historical data analysis technique that emphasizes not the form of numbers but their form in writing.</em></p> <p><em>The results of this study are; (1) Profile of Soekarno's wives during the struggle for independence of the Republic of Indonesia in 1920-1945, (2) Contribution of Sukarno's wives in the struggle for independence of the Republic of Indonesia, namely the contribution of Siti Oetari, Inggit Garnasih and Fatmawati in very difficult times and great sacrifices for the ideals of Indonesian independence</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Nopri Krismono Wayan Satria Jaya Aurora Nandia Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 7 EKSISTENSI KERAJAAN ADAT PAKSI PAK SEKALA BRAK KEPAKSIAN PERNONG LAMPUNG (TINJAUAN HISTORIS DARI TAHUN 1283-1945) http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/140 <p>This writing attempts to describe the existence of The Indigenous <em>Kingdom of Paksi Pak Sekala Brak Kepaksian Pernong Lampung from 1283- 1945. This research aims to find out the brief overview of the existence of The Indigenous Kingdom of Paksi Pak Sekala Brak Kepaksian Pernong Lampung in the Islamic period, the Dutch colonial period and independence which in this case includes the fields of culture, politics and community service system.</em></p> <p><em>This research is a qualitative research with historical research methods. Specific research methods are used by using heuristic measures, criticism, interpretation and historiography.</em></p> <p><em>The result of the research is that The Indigenous Kingdom of Paksi Pak Sekala Brak is a kingdom resulting from the transition from ancient Sekala Brak through wars carried out by four umpu Pagaruyung descendants consisting of Umpu Bejalan Di Way, Umpu Belunguh, Umpu Nyerupa and Umpu Pernong, which is known as the incident gegakhah bulan bakha, it is also a milestone in the early establishment of the Paksi Pak Sekala Brak, which is based on Islam. During the arrival of the Dutch in the Paksi Pak Sekala Brak, the Kingdom of Paksi Pak Sekala Brak, including the Paksi Pernong, was divided into clans as a form of divide et empire politics. During the Indonesian Independence period, Kepaksian Pernong continued to show its existence such as contributing to the struggle for the independence of the Republic of Indonesia as evidenced by the struggles carried out by the sai batins of Kepaksian Pernong.</em></p> Randika Deva Chandra Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 11 KEGIGIHAN MOHHAM HATTA DALAM MEMPERJUANGKAN KEDAULATAN RAKYAT 1945-1966 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/141 <p><em>This study aims to describe the concept of sovereignty and Muhammad Hatta's persistence in Struggling for the People in 1945-1966. Why choose the years 1945-1966. Because the Old Order is the term for the reign of President Soekarno in Indonesia. The old order lasted from 1945-1966. During this period, Indonesia used alternately a liberal economic system and a guided economic system. When using a parliamentary system of government.</em></p> <p><em>This research is a type of qualitative research with historical research methods. This study has 4 steps, namely: (1) Heuristics, (2) Criticism, (3) Interpretation, (4) Historiography. The data collection technique is the library method used to dig up information and to obtain data sources obtained from the library and Mohammad Hatta's book sources. And using a qualitative descriptive historical data analysis technique that emphasizes not the form of numbers but their form in writing.</em> <em>Primary library sources: There are 4</em><em>. </em><em>Secondary library sources: There are 3</em></p> <p><em>The results of this study are; (1) Mohammad Hatta's persistence in fighting for people's sovereignty in 1945-1966 (2) Mohaammad Hatta's role in Indonesian democracy in 1945-1950 (3) Mohammad Hatta's role in Indonesian democracy in 1950-1959 (4) Mohammad Hatta's role in Indonesian democracy in the years 1959-1966</em></p> Reko Satria Muhammad Rb Deri Ceciria Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 14 PENERAPAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN QUIPPER SCHOOL DALAM UPAYA MENINGGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH SISWA KELAS XI http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/142 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of this research is the low learning outcomes obtained by students. also the teacher has not maximized the use of technology for history subjects, students are easily bored with the monotonous learning process, students are less interested in history subjects, the learning process is still dominated by the teacher. The author uses the quipper school learning media in this study which is expected to improve the learning outcomes of history class XI IPS 4 students at SMA Negeri 1 Natar.</em> <em>This type of research is Classroom Action Research (CAR) which is carried out in two cycles. The subjects in this study were students of class XI IPS 4 SMA Negeri 1 Natar, totaling 36 students. Action research was carried out in two cycles, each cycle consisting of three meetings. The instruments used in this study were student activity observation sheets, written tests and documentation.</em> <em>From the results of the study, in the first cycle of student learning completeness achieved as much as 69.44%, and the second cycle as much as 88.89%, the increase in the percentage of student learning outcomes from cycle I to cycle II reached 19.45%. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that student learning outcomes in history subjects can be increased through the quipper school learning media in class XI IPS 4 students of SMA Negeri 1 Natar in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> Rezi Anggia Putri Wawat Suryati Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 11 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA KOMIK SEJARAH TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH MATERI MASA PRA AKSARA PADA KELAS X IPS http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/145 <p><em>The problems in this study are 1) The low learning outcomes of history class X IPS students at SMA Negeri 1 Tulang Bawang Udik. 2) The use of Historical Comics media has not been used in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine: "The influence of the use of historical comics media on the learning outcomes of the history of literacy material in the odd semester students of class X Social Sciences SMA Negeri 1 Tulang Bawang Udik in the 2021/2022 academic year."</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this study is the experimental method, the data analysis uses statistical formulas, the population in this study is all students of class X Social Sciences SMA Negeri 1 Tulang Bawang Udik in the 2021/2022 academic year. . The whole population was taken as a sample, namely class X IPS-1 which amounted to 32 students as the experimental class and X IPS-2 which amounted to 27 students as the control class by using cluster random sampling technique. To measure the learning variables, the writer uses a test in the form of a multiple choice test as many as 40 items which are tested for validity and reliability. Data analysis uses simple statistical analysis with the t-test formula.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Based on the results of the two-average similarity hypothesis test, using t_hit, the value t_hit = 20.83 with the test criteria used is accept HO_1 if -t</em><em>〗</em><em>_((1 1/2 α))&lt;t&lt;t_((1 1/ 2 )) otherwise HO_1 is rejected. By taking the 5% level of significance (α=0.05) we get t_daf=2.00 this means t_hit&gt;t_daf so that HO_1 is rejected with Ha_1 accepted. Thus "The</em><em>re is an effect of using historical comics media on the learning outcomes of the history of the Pre-aksara material for students of class X Social Sciences in the odd semester of SMA Negeri 1 Tulang Bawang Udik in the 2021/2022 academic year."</em></p> Rizki Ramadani Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENGARUH PENERAPAN METODE PEMBELAJARAN DARING BLENDED LEARNING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH SISWA KELAS X DI SMK PGRI 2 BANDAR LAMPUNG http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/146 <p><em>The problem with this study is 1) still lacking the results of studying history 2) not yet optimizing Internet use in the success of learners 3) the blended learning online method approach has not been used in study. The purpose of this study is to identify how the use of blended learning online learning methods affected the results of studying the history class X of SMK PGRI&nbsp; 2 Bandar Lampung.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;The method used in this study is experimental methods, data analysts using statistical formulas, the population in this study is all x class students at SMK PGRI 2 school Bandar Lampung studying year 2021/2022. Passes through 5 classes with a total of 109 trainees. From the population is taken 2 classes as a sample that is the TKJ class of 35 students as experiment classes and x MM classes of 26 students as control classes using random sampling techniques. To measure the variable of the author's study using tests, which plural choice as many as 50 over-the-problem items were previously tested as valiant and data analyst realibiliyasnyam was using a simple statistical analyst with t-test formulas.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the hypotheses testing of similarities of two on average, using thit came with a value of </em><em>= 22.62 with the test criteria used is a receipt of </em><em>&nbsp;if </em><em>&nbsp;Other than </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>&nbsp;rejections. By taking a real level 5% </em><em>acquired </em><em>this means </em><em>&nbsp;&gt; </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>so that </em><em>&nbsp;levels were rejected with </em><em>&nbsp;of acceptable. Thus "it has an impact on the use of blended learning online methods on learning the history class X of SMK PGRI 2 Bandar Lampung&nbsp; year 2021/2022."</em></p> Rezky Vanesa Putut Wisnu Kurniawan Yustiani Yustiani Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 12 UPAYA TAN MALAKA DALAM PERJUANGAN MEMPERTAHANKAN KEMERDEKAAN INDONESIA TAHUN (1946-1948) http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/148 <p><em>This study aims to describe and analyze; (1) A Brief History of Tan Malaka (2) Tan Malaka's Efforts in the struggle for Independence. This research is useful to increase historical knowledge and understanding of Tan Malaka in the struggle for Indonesian independence and to increase a love for Indonesian history.</em></p> <p><em>This research is a type of qualitative research with historical research methods. This study has 4</em><em> steps, namely: (1) Heuristics, (2) Criticism, (3) Interpretation, (4) Historiography.</em><em> The data collection technique is the library method which is used to dig up information and to obtain data sources obtained from the library and Tan Malaka's book sources. And using a qualitative descriptive histori</em><em>cal data analysis technique that emphasizes not the form of numbers but their form in writing.</em></p> <p><em>The results of this study are; (1) Tan Malaka's efforts in the struggle to defend Indonesian independence in 1946-1948, (2) Tan Malaka's efforts in defending and fighting for, in very difficult times and great sacrifices for the ideals of Indonesian independence.</em></p> Rismawandi Rismawandi Siti Suratini Zain Yustiani Yustiani Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 8 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA FLANEL BOARD TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH MATERI MASA PRA-AKSARA SISWA KELAS X IPS MAN 1 PESAWARAN TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/149 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of discussion in this study is the low learning outcomes of students, learning has never been applied to Flannel Board media in class. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using the Flannel Board media on student learning outcomes in the pre-literacy material in the history subject of class X IPS MAN 1 Pesawaran academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all students of class X IPS MAN 1 Pesawaran totaling 105 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class X IPS 1 and X IPS 3, where class X IPS 3 as an experimental class amounted to 36 students and class X IPS 1 as the control class with 35 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study using formula_hit.</em></p> <p><em>Hypothesis testing uses the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = 3.93 and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so that it is proven that thit&gt;tdaf means the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of using flannel board media on student learning outcomes in the pre-literacy material in the history subject of class X IPS MAN 1 Pesawaran academic year 2021/2022.</em></p> Riza Yulia Siti Suratini Zain Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN GENERATIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH PADA MATERI PERLAWANAN BANGSA INDONESIA TERHADAP PENJAJAHAN BANGSA BARAT SISWA KELAS XI IPS SMA NEGERI 2 GEDONG TATAAN TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/150 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This classroom action research is motivated by 1) the low learning outcomes of students in history learning, 2) the use of learning models is rarely used in history lessons. The author uses the Generative learning model in this study is expected to improve the learning outcomes of history class XI IPS students at SMA Negeri 2 Gedong Tataan. This research was conducted in 2 cycles, each cycle consisting of 4 stages, namely: planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. This research uses a generative learning model in the history learning process. The subjects in this study were students of class XI IPS SMA Negeri 2 Gedong Tataan, totaling 23 students. Based on the results of the research conducted, it shows that the percentage of student activity in learning history has increased by 78.1%, and cycle II is 84.3%. The percentage of student learning outcomes in history learning through tests has increased. In the pre-cycle the percentage of completeness was 21.73%, the first cycle was 39.13%, and the second cycle was 78.26%. Judging from these results, it can be concluded that history learning activities by applying the generative learning model can improve history learning outcomes for students in class XI IPS SMA Negeri 2 Gedong Tataan.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rizki Dini Pangestu Siti Suratini Zain Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA BULLETIN BOARD TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH KELAS X http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/151 <p><em>This study aims to determine student learning outcomes in the subject of History X. The study uses the Bulletin Board media which is a tool such as a board used by educators to convey messages or lessons that have been planned by educators to students so that what is the learning goal can be achieved.</em></p> <p><em>The samples taken in this study were class X AKL 1 as the experimental class and class X AKL 2 as the control class. To find out the learning outcomes of the students, the researchers conducted a multiple choice test. The results showed that there was an effect of using Bulletin Board media on student learning outcomes.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the analysis of the research data, it was found that thit</em><em>=</em><em>19.31 from the distribution table at a significant level of 5% was known to be tdaf</em><em>=</em><em> 2.01 and so it was proven that thit</em><em>&gt;</em><em>tdaf was in accordance with the test criteria for the 5% level. Thus, it can be seen that there is an effect of using the Media Bulletin Board on student learning outcomes on the subject matter of Hindu-Buddhist Kingdoms in Indonesia in the class X history subject at SMK Negeri 4 Bandar Lampung in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> Septa Reza Muhammad Rb Deri Ciciria Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 7 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN SQ3R (SURVEY, QUESTION, READ, RECITE, AND REVIEW) TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPS PADA MATERI ASEAN SEMESTER GANJIL SISWA KELAS VIII DI UPT SMP N 1 SUKOHARJO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/152 <p><em>The problem that is the subject of this research is the low student learning outcomes, learning has never been applied to the SQ3R model (survey, question, read, recite, and review). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using the SQ3R model (survey, question, read, recite, and review) on social studies learning outcomes for class VIII at UPT SMP N 1 Sukoharjo in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this research is the experimental method. The population in this study were all social studies students of class VIII at UPT SMP N 1 Sukoharjo totaling 255 students, the sample consisted of two classes, namely class VIII A and class VIII B, where class VIII A was the experimental class, which consisted of 32 students and class VIII B as the experimental class. control class with a total of 32 students. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used multiple choice tests and hypothesis testing in this study using the formula.</em></p> <p><em>Testing the hypothesis using the statistical formula thit where the value of thit = 5.63 and the t distribution table at a significant level of 5% is known to be tdaf is t (1-1/2α) = 2.00 so it is proven that thit&gt;tdaf means the hypothesis Ho is rejected, meaning Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is an effect of using the SQ3R (survey, question, read, recite, and review) learning model on social studies learning outcomes for class VIII at UPT SMP N 1 Sukoharjo in the 2021/2022 academic year.</em></p> Topan Dwi Kurniawan Muhammad Rb Yulia Siska Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 11 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA CETAK BERBASIS LEAFLET TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH http://eskripsi.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/palapa/article/view/153 <p><em>The problems in this study are 1) the low learning outcomes of history 2) the inactivity of students in learning. 3) Saturated learning media. 4) Leaflet-based print media has never been used in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use of leaflet-based print media on student learning outcomes in history subjects in class X Odd Semester SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung.</em></p> <p><em>The method used in this study is an experimental method, data analysis uses statistical formulas, the population in this study is all students of class X SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung for the academic year 2021/2022. They are spread over 6 classes with a total of 141 students. From the population, 2 classes were taken as samples, namely Class X Office, which amounted to 30 students as the experimental class and X Online Business and Marketing, which amounted to 27 students as the control class by using cluster random sampling technique. To measure the learning variables, the writer uses a test, which is in the form of a multiple choice test of 40 items, which are tested for validity and reliability. Data analysis used simple statistical analysis with t-test formula.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the results of the hypothesis test of the similarity of the two averages, using </em><em>t<sub>hit</sub> </em><em>the obtained value </em><em>t<sub>hit</sub> </em><em>= 15.95 with the test criteria used is accept </em><em>if </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>otherwise</em> <em>&nbsp;rejected. By taking the 5% </em><em>(</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>significance </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>level </em><em>&nbsp;&gt; </em><em>&nbsp;so </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>that it is rejected and </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>accepted. Thus, "There is an effect of using leaflet-based print media on student learning outcomes in history subjects in class X Odd Semester SMK Trisakti Jaya Bandar Lampung Academic Year 2021/2022</em><em>.</em></p> Ulfi Nurul Fitri Wawat Suryati Yustiani Yustiani Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 3 1 1 9